Evolution and Logic

Is it logical to believe that the universe and all that it consists of builds itself?

The universe containing billions of elements that are necessary for the formation of life could not possibly have come into existence without a Creator. 

The universe cannot build itself because everything which has a beginning has a cause (efficent cause) and since the universe has a beginning then the universe has a cause.

According to the Laws of Thermodynamics, the total amount of energy in an isolated system remains constant over time (LAW 1 the “law of conservation” ) and second law of thermodynamics which says that every time energy is transformed from one state to another there is a loss in the amount of that form of energy, which becomes available to perform work of some kind. (the “law of entropy” )

Then if the total amount of mass-energy is limited, and the amount of usable energy is decreasing, then the universe could not have existed forever because it would already have exhausted all usable energy of the universe. The second law of Thermodynamics explains that the total entropy in the world is constantly increasing. An entropy increase, therefore, means a decrease in available energy.

Based on the Laws of Thermodynamics the universe could not have existed forever because it would already have exhausted all usable energy. Therefore the universe had a begining and every begining has a cause.

If the universe was created by something larger than itself since the first law of thermodynamics says that energy cannot be created, only changed, then the universe had to be created by something outside itself.

Since it is unreasonable to believe something could begin to exist without a cause we can conclude that the universe requires a cause and because God, as creator of time, is outside of time therefore He has no beginning in time, He has always existed, so he doesn’t need a cause.

Stephen Hawking,by claiming that the universe was created as a result of quantum mechanical fluctuations (in a vacuum) which became stabilized by gravitational forces [Hawking pp. 131-135; Hawking review], requires the laws of quantum mechanics and of gravity to have pre-existed the universe. (He later seems to make the same claim for so-called ‘M-theory’). But what is the law of gravity but a description of the way materialbodies interact either with one another or with the space-time continuum? To claim that such a law existed in the absence of matter, energy, space or time is incapable of demonstration. Only ‘mind of God’ and ‘non-material blueprint’ arguments remain and these are theological not scientific.

Victor Stenger recognizes this problem and attempts to overcome it by proposing that the laws of nature first created themselves out of nothing and then were available to create the cosmos. His actual words are; “So where did the laws of nature come from? They came from nothing! … [they] follow from the symmetries of the void out of which the universe spontaneously arose’ [Stenger p.131].

However, ‘symmetries’ are properties attributed by scientists to the laws and/or phenomena of the natural order; they have no existence apart from the cosmos they describe. Any void which possesses symmetries, therefore, must by definition lie within the universe and cannot give rise to it. For example, it could be argued that space-time has symmetries, so that a vacuum within the cosmos would also exhibit symmetries. But any void that lay outside of space-time cannot possess symmetries or any other physical properties it certainly cannot be known to do so.

In Conclusion; attempts to explain away the origin of the universe as a spontaneous event occurring in some pre-existing ‘void’ fail the tests both of science and logic.


‘Stenger’; Victor J. Stenger, God, the failed hypothesis (New York, Prometheus Books, 2007)

‘Hawking’; Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow, The grand design; new answers to the ultimate questions of life (London, Bantam Press, 2010)

‘WMG’; Edgar Andrews, Who made God? Searching for a theory of everything (Darlington, 2009)

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